FES | Federación Española de Sociología

XII Congreso de la FES

Work and family models in Spain: Ambivalent attitudes

GT 11 Southern European Societies

Almudena Moreno Mínguez (Univeridad de Valladolid)
Marta Ortega Gaspar (Universidad de Málaga)
Carlos Gamero Burón (Universidad de Málaga)


Sesión de comunicaciones orales Franja 4 : Family and care
Tipo de sesión: Sesión de comunicaciones orales
Día: viernes, 1 de julio de 2016
Hora: 16:00 a 18:00
Lugar: 205

During the last few decades, there has been an increasing International recognition of the studies related to the analysis of the family models change, the focus being the determinants of the female employment and the problems related to the work family balance (Lewis, 2001; Saraceno, 2008; Pfau-Effinger, 2012; ; Crompton & Lyonette, 2006; Petit & Hook, 2005). The majority of these studies have been focused on the analysis of the work-family balance problems as well as the effectiveness of the family and gender policies in order to encourage female employment (Korpi et al., 2013).


In Spain, special attention has been given to the family policies implemented, the employability of women and on the role of the father in the family (Flaquer et al., 2015; Meil, 2015); however, there has been far less emphasis on the analysis of the family cultural models (González and Jurado, 2012, Crespi and Moreno, 2016).


The purpose of this paper is to present some of the first results on the influence of the socio-demographic factors on the expectations and attitudes about the family models. This study offers a theoretical reflection upon the foundation of the determinants of the family ambivalence in Spain from the cultural and the institutional dimension. This study shows the Spanish family models of preferences following the Pfau-Effinger (2004) one.


The reason for this study is twofold, on the one hand, there is confirmed the scarcity of studies that have focused their attention on this objective in Spain; on the other hand, the studies carried out in the international context have confirmed the analytical effectiveness of researching on the attitude and value changes to explain the meaning and trends of the family changes.


There is also presented some preliminary results that have been obtained from the multinomial analysis related to the influence of the socio-demographic factors on the family model chosen by the individuals in Spain (father and mother working full time; mother part-time father full-time; mother not at work father full-time; mother and father part-time).


The database used has been the International Social Survey Programme: Family and Changing Gender Roles IV- ISSP 2012-. Spain is the only country of South Europe that has participated in the survey, for this reason it has been considered as a representative case study.


Palabras clave: Family models, work family balance, attidues, gender, Spain.