FES | Federación Española de Sociología

XII Congreso de la FES

The concept of Quality of Life as applied to the Population of the Widowed in Spain, using the database of the European Union Community Household Panel (ECHP), year 2001, wave 8 (to be presented as a poster)

GT 26 Sociología de la Población y Demografía

Ana María Zylberminc Pascual (UNED)


Sesión de posters
Tipo de sesión: Sesión de posters

Quality of Life is a multi-faceted concept (Mollenkopf, Walker, 2007) which in its initial stages was primarily associated with health and the perception of one´s health, regardless or not of one´s age, sex, income level. In this research work, QoL is addressed from a different perspective, the three indicators that are analysed her are: the household conditions, the internal and external (environmental) problems that affect the people living in the household, the facilities within the household and the material/non-material (social relations) goods which the person interviewed (main head of the household) possesses. These indicators are also contrasted with subjective ones, like the person´s opinion on his/her household conditions, the person´s opinion on his/her spare leisure time, and by how the person thinks that he/she can make ends meet. All of the variables used have also been analysed by civil state, sex and level of income (or poverty rate, i.e, from the least poor to the very poor). This research work is based on wave 8, 2001 of the European Community Household Panel (ECHP), microdata analysis for Spain, thus the income level or poverty rate is based on the household disposable income as measured by the OECD, modified equivalence scale employed by EUROSTAT. The questionnaires used for that year have been the adult and the household ones merged, treated nationwide and downloaded from the National Institute of Statistics; INE, Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas. From the study, we came to the conclusion that the widowed population has on average less material/non-material goods than the married, single and separated, it also has less facilities within the household than the married or single, but suffers less from internal/external problems. In relation to the overall population, the widowed have somewhat less material, non-material goods, have slightly more internal and external problems within the household and have also slightly less facilities. In terms of the widowed population opinion with regards to how well they make ends meet, the reply that prevails is with certain difficulty, mostly the poor widowed men. In relation to their opinion concerning the household conditions, the reply that prevails is that of satisfied among the least poor, the reply that predominates is that of very satisfied.

Palabras clave: widowed, household, material, nonmaterial goods, quality of life, grade of satisfaction