FES | Federación Española de Sociología

XII Congreso de la FES

Structural Constrains, Social Policies and Youth Inactivity

GT 11 Southern European Societies

Sebastià Sarasa Urdiola (Universidad Pompeu fabra)


Sesión de comunicaciones orales Franja 3 : Labour market and youth inactivity
Tipo de sesión: Sesión de comunicaciones orales
Día: viernes, 1 de julio de 2016
Hora: 09:00 a 10:45
Lugar: 205

Research on youth transitions from school to labour market has rightly recognised that youth unemployment is constrained by ‘transition systems’, labour market regulations and the balance between demand and supply of educational credentials. However, little attention have been paid to the compositional effects of young people, such as the proportion of youth nurtured by low educated families and under poverty conditions, and the effects taken by social transfers in compensating for such structural constrains. This issue is relevant for EU states, like Spain and other Southern European nations, that made a sudden transition from rural to post-industrial economies and suffer from very high rates of child poverty and low educated parents.

This work estimates the effects of such structural constrains on youth inactivity, (not in employment, not at school) and explore the effects of social transfers on it. Data are gathered from the EU/SILC and the analysis is made in two phases. The research concludes that the national accumulated stock of human capital and the extension of child poverty both play a very important role in explaining youth inactivity. Some social transfers may alter such effects, especially among people younger than 20, but not all kind of transfers work in the same direction.  Education-related allowances are the most positive, while unemployment benefits may have negative effects.


Palabras clave: youth transitions, welfare regimes, cash transfers