FES | Federación Española de Sociología

XII Congreso de la FES

State or Family Responsibility? Elderly- and Childcare Policy Preferences in Spain

GT 3 Sociología de la Familia

Isabel Valarino (University of Lausanne)
Gerardo Meil Landwerlin (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)
Jesús Rogero García (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)


Sesión de comunicaciones orales Franja 3 : Conciliación de los proyectos vitales
Tipo de sesión: Sesión de comunicaciones orales
Día: viernes, 1 de julio de 2016
Hora: 09:00 a 10:45
Lugar: 011

Spain has historically assigned a large responsibility to the family in guaranteeing individuals’ well being. Women have been expected to provide care to dependent family members, in particular the children and the elderly. However, in the last decades, the familialistic orientation of the Spanish welfare state has eroded, as a response to a series of transformations; including women’s labor market participation and their increased need for measures enabling work and family life reconciliation. This paper adopts the perspective of individuals and analyses their preferences towards care responsibility regarding the provision and the financing of elderly- and childcare. Who should be the primary actor responsible for care work between the family and the state ?

The paper has two objectives. First, we compare the current child- and elderly care policies implemented and determine the extent to which they match individuals’ preferences. Second, we determine the social determinants of care work responsibility preferences. We use 2012 representative survey data on Spanish residents collected in the frame of the International Social Survey Programme (module Family and Changing Gender Roles IV). The sample size comprises 2595 respondents aged 18 and over. We apply cluster analysis techniques to four survey items in order to distinguish patterns of individual preferences regarding the organization of care work between defamilialist and familialist policies. We then apply multinomial logistic regression in order to assess the influence of a set of independent variables for predicting these policy preferences. Drawing on two theories – self-interest and ideational theories – used in welfare attitudinal research, we assess the influence of sex, parenthood, age, employment status, education, income, gender ideology and religiosity on care work responsibility policy preferences.

Palabras clave: attitudes, welfare state, care policies, familialism