- Nachatter Singh (Centre d'Estudis Demogràfics)
- Andreu Domingo (Centre for Demographic Studies)
- Sesión de comunicaciones orales Franja 3 : Dimensiones Demográficas de las Migraciones, Integración y Segunda Generación
- Responsable(s): Ana María López Sala (CSIC)
- Tipo de sesión: Sesión de comunicaciones orales
- Día: viernes, 1 de julio de 2016
- Hora: 09:00 a 10:45
- Lugar: 009
- Mesa 1: Dimensiones demográficas de las migraciones
Spain is a recent addition to the Sikh diaspora, with 20,791 individuals recorded in the municipal registers in the year 2014 (less than 1% of the total Sikh diaspora, but more than a half of total Indian population in Spain). This immigration to Spain have a clear generational component, marked by diverse expulsions from the political and economic spheres from their homeland i.e. Punjab. The green revolution and consequent surplus of labour; the attacks on golden temple in 1984 and further persecution of Sikhs; and the neoliberal government policies and consequent decline of the agriculture and industry in Punjab has expelled a huge numbers of Sikhs of different generations to the global diaspora. In the last few decades, some of them reached to Spain also.
Each generational group, 1966 to 1979, generation of surplus; 1980 to 1999, born during political crisis; and after 2000, born in millennium, has suffered in a different way from all these events. The main objective of this paper is to study how the generational differences affects when it comes to the migration process (reasons, routes, ways and destinations), transnational relations (different means, geography and intensity of communication), and socio-demographic structure (family size, child-sex preferences, religious and caste beliefs, and gender relations).
For this study we are using a mixed methodology of research i. e. quantitative and qualitative; as per data sources, we are using the census data provided by Indian census of population of 1991, 2001 and 2011, secondly data from Municipal Registers (Padron Continuo 2014) and census of population and housing of 2011 of Spain, which we have extracted by searching for the surnames of Sikhs - as in Sikhs all males have the common surname of ‘Singh’ and females of ‘Kaur’- and we have done 56 in depth semi structured interviews of the Sikh individuals of different profiles and generations and 22 interviews with the organisers of temples of Sikhs (Gurudwaras) from different parts of Spain. In preliminary findings we can say that when we talk about Sikh diaspora, the generational differences matters a lot, which firstly marks their routes, destinations and ways of migration, secondly, their sociodemographic structure and finally the identity preservation, transformation and representation struggle at the destination, where the new generation of millennium making their way to more integration to the native society and curving their new identities in Spanish context.
Palabras clave: sikh, diaspora, generation, expulsion, migration