FES | Federación Española de Sociología

XII Congreso de la FES

Labour Market Flexibility Relations and Social Cohesion in Spain 1980-2009

GT 7 Sociología del Trabajo

Autor/a
Teodoro Hernandez de Frutos (Universidad Pública de Navarra)

Programa:

Sesión de comunicaciones orales Franja 1 : TRABAJO Y COHESION SOCIAL
Responsable(s): Miguel Ángel García Calavia (Universidad de Valencia)
Tipo de sesión: Sesión de comunicaciones orales
Día: jueves, 30 de junio de 2016
Hora: 09:30 a 11:30
Lugar: S05

Industrial relations institutions in Spain have undergone significant transformations as a result of the financial and sovereign debt crises; austerity packages and structural reforms have been introduced in order to enforce internal devaluation and reduce public debt and unemployment by contradictory forces (Molina, 2014). Unions in Spain have been late to develop bargaining capacities to improve working conditions of temporary workers fixed term employment, temporary agency employment, wage limited part time contracts and legal minima covering regular open-ended employment contracts. Until 1984 employers were restricted by legal limits on their use, and unions attempted to maintain restrictions preventing regular worker being replaced by temporary worker
but the widespread deregulation of temporary agency and fixed-term employment have been more pronounced (Shire, Schönauer, Valverde, & Mottweiler, 2009). Anyway employment relations and institutions varying across contexts, flexibility, pay and working time are mediated and constructed in various ways according to national systems of regulation and tradition of struggle and meaning (Connolly, Marino, & Lucio, 2014). Few studies have looked at social cohesion in Spain even though it is a concept frequently used by trade unions, government and employers. Nevertheless, there have been some important papers on the subject, from the perspective of the labour market. Another contribution matches social protection with social cohesion based on ESSPROS indicators (Hernández de Frutos, 2003). And from the perspective of integration between native population and immigrants, several authors recently highlighted the difficulties that the unsolved issue of immigration poses for good social cohesion in Spain. One of the first problems we come across when studying social cohesion in this country is that it is a very elastic concept to define and a very fuzzy concept to measure. The discrepancies that stem from this can be seen in the various uses.

Palabras clave: Social Cohesion, Labour Market, Social Market, Crisis, Unemployment, Temporary Jobs, Old Age, Sickness, Family, Survivors, Social Exclusion, Housing