FES | Federación Española de Sociología

XII Congreso de la FES

From the classical models of military professionalism to the modern social transformations in the military: new challenges to strategic management of resources that result from passing from active service to reserve, in the Portuguese Army

GT 15 Sociología de las Organizaciones

Autor/a
David Rosado (Academia Militar & Universidade Europeia)
Coautor/es
Ana Maria Romão Leston Bandeira (Academia Militar)
Maria da Saudade Baltazar (Universidade de Évora)
Dinis Manuel Victória da Fonseca Victória da Fonseca (Academia Militar)
Helga Marta Santa Comba Lopes (Academia Militar)

Programa:

Sesión de comunicaciones orales Franja 1 : Perspectivas teóricas y metodológicas emergentes en el ámbito de los Estudios Organizacionales
Responsable(s): José A. Ruiz San Román (Universidad Complutense)
Tipo de sesión: Sesión de comunicaciones orales
Día: jueves, 30 de junio de 2016
Hora: 09:30 a 11:30
Lugar: Seminario 102

Military Sociology is one of those Specialized Sociologies which continues to be affected mainly by two types of questions that are either derived from its own specific object that is the military institution, or are the result of what is the sociological matrix. In the military context, and even though we can find important contributions from many prestigious authors, the models proposed by Samuel P. Huntington, Morris Janowitz and Charles Moskos continue to be an inescapable reference to military professionalism. Moreover, it is known that the literature linked to Military Sociology continues to apply mainly in three areas of very specific intervention, namely: the military profession, the military organization and the civil-military relations.

Military Sociology entails an increasingly demanding multi-disciplinary approach that widens the growing link between the military and the whole society, increased also by the global current challenges, as are the illustrative cases of terrorism, the migratory crisis and the economic crisis, more particularly, when we reflect on the current situation in Europe. Hence this scientific area, traditionally placed in relation to war, and, on the other hand, in tension with peace, has now gained a new interest, not only with these (re)novated issues, but also with the increasingly personal military citizens career prospects, which leads us to recurring references to Moskos and its pluralist model, which we regard as an epilogue between the pragmatism embodied in Janowitz model and fundamentalism played by Huntington model.

This communication defends that the increasing of reserves of the Portuguese Army military subscribes to these social dynamics. The arguments applied here run through the evolution of military professionalisation models and the challenges of strategic management of human resources in the Portuguese Army. It will conclude that the professional model today mainly present in the Portuguese Army is the pluralist model of Moskos, and that passage to reserve status of the military before the end of normal service period is mainly due to lack of career prospects and the desire to not lose exclusive rights (acquired pre-retirement of some specific groups), as well as the willingness to rethink other career options (now on a path adjacent to the military reality, and sometimes in a way not necessarily connected with this reality - especially as these military are at a stage of their lives when they still have competitive advantages for the labor market).

Palabras clave: Military, Organization, Professionalism, Army, Career