- Elena Vidal Coso (Université de Genève)
- Julie Lacroix (Université de Genève)
- Sesión de comunicaciones orales Franja 3 : Dimensiones Demográficas de las Migraciones, Integración y Segunda Generación
- Responsable(s): Ana María López Sala (CSIC)
- Tipo de sesión: Sesión de comunicaciones orales
- Día: viernes, 1 de julio de 2016
- Hora: 09:00 a 10:45
- Lugar: 009
- Mesa 1: Dimensiones demográficas de las migraciones
Although economic drivers maintain a high demand for immigration, a large part of the female resident-population in Switzerland remains on the margin of the labour market. Indeed, among OECD countries Switzerland has one of the highest participation rates of its female population, but at the same time, one of the smallest full-time employment rates. The traditional male breadwinner model in Switzerland, with the joint taxation system for spouses and the poorly developed family policies, disincentives women to participate in the labour market or to extend the number of working hours. Moreover, unavailability of affordable childcare facilities reinforces inequalities across socio-economic groups and this should be even more crucial for immigrant families in the absence of a network.
The aim of this paper is to assess the extent to which women's decision upon their level of participation in the labour market differs across origins in different family situations. As one of the primary effects of children on women’s labor supply in Switzerland is through the number of hours worked, we are interested in differences between natives and migrant women in either to leave employment or to modify the amount of time devoted to paid work. Using pooled annual data from the Swiss Labor Force Survey for the period 2010-2013, we perform a double-hurdle model to decompose the effect of the socioeconomic determinants on (1) participation and (2) working hours. We expect these two outcomes to be distinguished processes and the impact of covariates on these respective outcomes to vary by origin.
In order to account for the more polarized pattern of migrant female population in terms of skills and occupations compared to the Swiss-born female population, and differences regarding household economic constraints, this analysis focuses particularly on the relative influence of women’s educational attainment and partner’s profile (educational level, earnings and hours worked), upon the decision to “totally or partially leave the paid job”. Preliminary results reveal a slight gap in employment behaviour among childless groups of native and immigrant women. Having young children widen for the two outcomes of interest: while Swiss-born women tend to work part-time (effect on the amount decision), the foreign-born population choose rather to work full-time or to withdrawal from the labour market (effect on the participation decision). Moreover, the partner's profile is proven to be more influent in the participation decision for immigrant women whereas almost no effect is found for native women.
Palabras clave: Female employment, family, human capital, natives and immigrants, Switzerland