FES | Federación Española de Sociología

XII Congreso de la FES

Ethnic judgement at laboratory of Morals: From the Gypsies/Roma people differences to a plurality of discrimination arrangements

GT 1 Metodología

Pedro Caetano (CICS.NOVA)
Maria Manuela Mendes (CIES-IUL and FAUL)


Sesión de comunicaciones orales Franja 2 : Metodologías participativas y etnográficas. Imaginarios y representaciones
Responsable(s): Miguel S. Valles Martínez (Universidad Complutense de Madrid)
Tipo de sesión: Sesión de comunicaciones orales
Día: jueves, 30 de junio de 2016
Hora: 16:00 a 18:00
Lugar: Seminario 101

On the European frame of a growing interdependence between States, Societies and
Citizens, the challenge of cultural diversity arises both in terms of inclusion and
efficiency. The answers to this challenge seems to lie in the implementation of policies
to promote non-discrimination and enable effective forms of coordination. However,
Portuguese Ciganos/Roma are a cultural and ethnic group who seems apparently immune
to the efforts and kindness of these policies, mainly due to the enormous social and
historical prejudice that affects their members. In this sense, we decided to put to the test
a set of coordination possibilities about how to deal with Gypsies/Roma at school. In this
context we surveyed 700 non-gypsies students from 3 Secondary schools of Great Lisbon
in a classroom environment. Following a realistic sociology of action, we mobilize the
scenario-based questionnaire in order to capture the normative expectations related to the
most convenient way of acting in school with Roma students. There are several
advantages associated to this methodology for a sociology of morality, such us, to capture
a set judgment; and to articulate individual beliefs with the conveniences of the
appropriate course of action in a situation. One of the main purposes of this paper is of
course to show the great gains of this methodology for sociological investigation.
Thus, a theory of morality is linked to a teleological theory of goods valuation. In addition
to the hypotheses of action we asked respondents to justify their choice. It was thus
possible to observe different reasons to act, regardless of the good mobilized in their
judgment. The results show that the Ciganos/Roma must be socialised through tactical
procedures or individualised through moral or functional devices in order to be
assimilated. This proves that the choice of method was the most appropriate.

Palabras clave: scenarios-based questionnaire; normative judgements; situated action; ethnic discrimination; Portuguese Ciganos/Roma